unaligned “packed structs”…

are certainly not a good idea if a program is supposed to be portable. Unfortunately that is exactly what ZXTune is using to parse the different binary music files.

“One of the rules of packed structs is that you have to access them directly through the packed struct type. In other words, you can’t, in general, take the address of a packed field and then access the field through that pointer, because the pointer type won’t reflect the packed attribute.” (sunfishcode)

Unfortunately ZXTune used boost::array instances within the various packed structs.. Problem: when methods are invoked on boost::array (or std::array, etc). The ‘this’ argument to the boost::array functions may be misaligned, but the boost::array functions themselves don’t know this.

On CPUs which don’t mind unaligned memory access you may get away within without realizing that there is a problem.. and in this case it was my attempt to cross-compile the program using Emscripten that revealed the issue. Not wanting to rewrite too much of the foreign code I opted for a quickfix: replacing the boost::array with a built-in array fixed the immediate problem…

Naturally a clean implementation should better refrain from depending on unaligned memory access at all… not all the CPUs are as forgiving as Emscripten.

(click on the below image for a live demo).

screenshot

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Posted on January 4, 2015, in C, Chiptune, Compilers, Emscripten, HW emulation, JavaScript, Web programming and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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